Brahmanand Mohanty is associated with the School of Environment, Resources and Development of the Asian Institute of Technology (Bangkok) since 1986 as a faculty member. Since 1991, he has also been serving the French Environment and Energy Management Agency (ADEME) as its regional advisor for Asia. He has undertaken professional missions for bilateral and multilateral development agencies during the last three decades in some 25 countries, especially in Asia but also in the Middle East, Africa and the Mediterranean region.

He graduated from the Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education (Pondicherry, India) in 1979 and obtained his doctorate in energy from the Institut National Polytechnique (Toulouse, France) in 1985.